Government of India
ONEVALUATION STUDIES ON IMPLEMENTATION OF
THE MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948
IN BIDI MAKING ESTABLISHMENTS IN
The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 aims at preventing exploitation through the payment of un-duly low wages in those employments where'sweated' conditions exist and the workers are vulnerable due to lack of organisation; illiteracy; ignorance and poverty etc. The Act, therefore, empowers the appropriate government for fixing the statutory rates of minimum wages and to revise the same at intervals not exceeding 5 years for the Scheduled employments.However, fixation of the statutory minimum wage in itself does not ensure that it is paid to the target workers. It requires effective enforcement on the part of appropriate authorities.
Labour Bureau was entrusted in 1981 with the task of conducting Evaluation Studies on the implementation of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948. The studies, in the first instance, were started with the employments in agriculture in selected States. Subsequently, these studies were conducted in relatively organised employments like Bauxite Mines, Building and Construction, Bidi and Tobacco (including Bidi Making) Manufactories. So far, the Bureau has conducted 24 studies including the present study under the scheme.
The present report is based on the study conducted in Bidi Making Establishments in Madhya Pradesh falling under the Scheduled Employment "Tobacco (including Bidi Making) Manufactories".It brings out the special characteristics of Bidi industry and its employees in the State.An attempt has also been made to identify the factors influencing the level of compliance with the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act. The report also gives detailed information regarding the earnings of the employees, awareness about relevant Labour Laws, adequacy of inspection arrangements and difficulties faced in the enforcement of the Act.
The Labour Bureau is thankful to the Labour Commissioner, Government of Madhya Pradesh and the officers of his Organisation for the valuable co-operation in planning the field study.The responsibility for conducting the study and bringing out the Report devolved on Smt. Sunita Sanghi, Director, S/Shri Ram Krishna, Joint Director, V.K.Lohumi and Balram Deputy Directors and V.K.Joshi, Assistant Director assisted by S/Shri J.N.Verma, A.S.Grover andK.L.Sagar Field Officers. The Report was processed on Computer by Shri A.S.Grover, Field officer. My appreciation goes to all of them. It is hoped that the report will serve a useful purpose in improving the level of compliance with the provisions of the Act in general and in the State of Madhya Pradesh in particular.
views, if any, are not necessarily those of the Government of India, Ministry
Dated the 9th May, 2003